Lecture Notes & Powerpoint Slides

Lecture Notes

Check with your lecturer before referencing lecture notes. Some lecturers may not regard it as suitable.

In-text

Course lecture notes taken by a student are considered 'personal communication' as they are unpublished and 'non-recoverable'. For this reason, they are only cited within the text and not included in the Reference List. For example, for a lecture given by N. M. Blampied:

  • It is reported that ..... (N. M. Blampied, personal communication, May 5, 2011)

Powerpoint Slides

Since these are in a format that could be requested, they need to be treated more formally.

In-text

According to Blampied (2011) OR
Research indicates ... (Blampied, 2011)

Reference List

Blampied, N. M. (2011). Learning and behaviour change [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.learn.canterbury.ac.nz/

Course Reader

Your course reader will be made up of different types of sources. Cite them according to the source, not the reader as a whole. For example, if it is a journal article within the reader, it should be cited as a journal article.